Changes of demographic situation in Latvia in the 1st half-year of 2006

28.08.2006


The number of population of Latvia continued to decrease also in 2006, although the decrease rate has started to slow down during the recent years. In 2005, the number of population of the country reduced by 0.5% (for comparison – 0.7% in 2000). As to July 1 of this year,the number of population of Latvia was 2 million 288 thousand – by 6.9 thousand residents, or by 0.3% less than as to the beginning of the year, according to the data of Central Statistical Bureau. The number of population decreased by 6.7 thousand due to natural movement of population (the number of deaths exceeding the number of births).

The dynamics of main demographic indicators in the first six months of previous and this year

1st half-year of 2005

1st half-year of 2006

1st half-year of 2005 as percentage against 1st half-year of 2006

Number of registered marriages

4146

4765

114,9

Per 1000 residents

1,8

2,1

116,7

Number of births

10719

10680

99,6

Per 1000 residents

4,7

4,7

100

Number of deaths

16895

17380

102,9

Per 1000 residents

7,3

7,6

104,1

Number of infant deaths

81

69

85,2

Per 1000 residents

7,6

6,5

85,5

Since 1999, a slight tendency of increase of births was observed in Latvia after a period of falling of birth rate lasting for 11 years. In 2005, the highest birth rate was observed in the country during the recent ten years – 21.5 thousand babies were born. The number of births during the first six months of this year (10.7 thousand) is approximately at the same level as in the first six months of 2005.

During the years to come, the birth rate could become stable, or even increase, because the number of women in fertile age (15 – 49 years) decreases slower during recent years. If, since 2000, the total number of women has decreased by 48 thousand, or by 3.7%, the number of women in fertile age decreased only by 3 thousand, or by 0.5%. The forecast is that the number of women in fertile age will not decrease also further, because this age has already been reached by the women born in mid-80s, when the average birth rate was about 1.8 times higher than during the recent years.

The mortality rate remained quite unchanged during the recent years, but it grew in 2005. Also the data for the first six months of 2006 evidence further growth of mortality rate. The number of deceased was 17.4 thousand in comparison with 16.9 thousand persons in the corresponding period of preceding year. The mortality per 1000 residents has increased by 4.1% in comparison with the first half of the preceding year.

The infant mortality rate (mortality of infants during the first year of life), which is one of the most significant indicators characterizing the demographic situation, was the lowest during the past 60 years in the last year – 7.8 deaths per 1000 live births. Infant mortality continues to decrease also in 2006. The reduction rate is 14.5% during the first six months of this year in comparison with the corresponding period of the last year.

A tendency of increase of number of marriages has been observed in Latvia since 2002. In 2005, 12544 marriages were registered, which was the largest number since 1993. Also in this year, the tendency of increase of number of marriages remained. 4765 marriages were registered in the first half-year of 2006, i.e., by 600 marriages more than in the first six months of 2005. The number of marriages per 1000 residents has increased by 17%.

Number of concluded marriages by months in 2005 and in the first half-year of this year

The highest birth indicators in the first six months of this year were in the districts of Ogre and Riga; 5.6 and 5.3 births per 1000 residents correspondingly, and the lowest were in the districts of Preiļi (3.6), Balvi (3.6), Ludza (3.8), and Krāslava (3.8). The highest mortality rates were in the districts of Krāslava, Rēzekne, and Ludza, the lowest in the districts of Riga, Ogre, and Talsi. The highest negative indicators of natural increase in the first half-year of this year were in the districts of Krāslava, Ludza, Balvi, Rēzekne, and Daugavpils.

The number of population decreased in all cities and districts, except the districts of Ogre and Riga, where the number of population increased – by 1031 persons or 0.7% in Riga district, and by 118 persons or 0.2% in Ogre district. This was the exclusive result of internal migration in the country, because the number of deaths exceeded the number of births in all cities and all districts. The largest decrease of population was in the district of Krāslava – 392 persons or 1.2%, in the districts of Ludza and Balvi – by 298 and 252 persons, or by 0.9% correspondingly.

Prepared by Population Statistics Section
of Social Statistics Department
Phone 7366903
Elmīra Seņkāne