The Central Statistical Bureau continues to investigate the income and living conditions of the popu
The European Union expects from its Member States not only the implementation of an effective social policy to improve the living conditions of the population but also a multilateral approach to its investigation. This is why it is important to obtain precise and comprehensive information on the living conditions of the population of Latvia concerning not only society as a whole but also its typical groups (the employed, pensioners, families with and without children, etc.).The results of survey of 2005 already now are used in Latvia as well as in European Commission with particular interest to different risks of poverty and social exclusion.
In the end of February of this year the Central Statistical Bureau will launch already the third survey “EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)”. This survey is conducted in all 27 countries of the European Union. Within the framework of the survey the majority of households that took part in the 2005 and 2006 survey will be interviewed for the second time whereas one quarter will be selected for the first time. This is because the objective of the survey is to keep track of the changes in the main characteristic indicators of living conditions for a period of several years. The survey will allow throwing light on the main conditions that contribute to the rising welfare level or, on the contrary, have an adverse effect. The scientists and country institutions will use the obtained data in their struggle against poverty, social exclusion, for improvement of employment and family politics.
EU-SILC represents statistics that is compiled according to uniform methods and definitions ensuring in this way comparability among the EU countries. For this reason close attention during the preparation and implementation of EU-SILC is paid to high statistical quality standards.
By means of the survey the statisticians will investigate the following issues:
- Dwelling conditions and dwelling costs;
- Level of education;
- Household income;
- Provision of households with durable goods;
- Household ability to cover different expenses, including expenses connected with dwelling;
- Health conditions and availability of health services, etc.
Regulation (EC) No.1177/of the European Parliament and Council lays down that in Latvia 3750 households with 7650 household members aged 15 years and over should be surveyed giving answers to the questions included in the questionnaires. Households that will participate in the survey will be selected throughout the whole territory of Latvia.
The CSB Interviewers Service will implement the EU-SILC survey. Before the interviewer’s visit a letter informing the households about the survey, its objectives and the planned date of the interview will be mailed to the sampled households. The informative letter will also include telephone numbers for obtaining additional information.
As the number of households inspected in survey is noticeable, the survey, which will start at the end of February, will continue until the end of summer. Upon arrival the interviewer will produce his identity card with a photograph and pose the questions included in the questionnaire. The answers will be entered into a laptop computer. The household, which is included in each sample, will be visited only once a year and answering questions will not take much time.
In compliance with the laws concerning the protection of individual data the information provided by the respondents will be published only in an aggregated form excluding the possibility to identify the individual data.
With the purpose to reduce the number of questions to be posed to respondents, the CSB is going to investigate what the possibilities are to receive answers from various registers that are supervised by various state institutions.
Prepared by the Household budget statistics department
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