In April foreign trade turnover in goods was 13 % larger than last year

11.06.2018

Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in April 2018 the foreign trade turnover of Latvia amounted to EUR 2.13 billion, which at current prices was 13.0 % more than in April 2017, of which the exports value of goods was 15.3 % and imports value of goods was 11.0 % higher. In April, Latvia exported goods in the amount of EUR 985.9 million but imported – in the amount of EUR 1.14 billion. Compared to April 2017, foreign trade balance has improved as exports in total foreign trade amount increased from 45.3 % to 46.3 %.

Over the first four months of this year, the foreign trade turnover of Latvia at current prices reached EUR 8.41 billion – EUR 613.9 million or 7.9 % more than in the corresponding period of 2017. The exports value constituted EUR 3.85 billion (an increase of EUR 317.5 million or 9.0 %), whereas the imports value – EUR 4.56 billion (an upturn of EUR 296.4 million or 7.0 %).

Foreign trade of Latvia
(million euros)

Data on April, May, June 2017 and January 2018 have been revised

Calendar and seasonally adjusted data at current prices show that, compared to April 2018, in April 2018 the exports value at current prices went up by 10.0 % and the imports value by 5.4 %, whereas, compared to the previous month, the exports value increased by 2.9 %, but the imports value reduced by 2.0 %.

Main changes in exports in April 2018, compared to April 2017:

-       exports of wood and articles of wood up by EUR 36.5 million or 24.4 %,
-       exports of vegetable products up by EUR 23.1 million or 48.9 %,
-       exports of vehicles and associated transport equipment up by EUR 15.3 million or 29.3 %,
-       exports of prepared foodstuffs up by EUR 15.1 million or 22.3 %,
-       exports of live animals and animal products down by EUR 4.0 million or 10.6 %.

Main changes in imports in April 2018, compared to April 2017:

-       imports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment up by EUR 25.4 million or 11.6 %,
-       imports of basic metals and articles of basic metals up by EUR 18.1 million or 21.2 %,
-       imports of prepared foodstuffs up by EUR 16.8 million or 20.9 %,
-       imports of vegetable products up by EUR 14.1 million or 29.9 %,
-       imports of mineral products down by EUR 2.0 million or 2.2 %.

In April, the main export partners of Latvia in trade with EU countries were Lithuania (15.1 % of total exports), Estonia (10.7 %), Germany (7.9 %) and Sweden (7.8 %), whereas the main import partners were Lithuania (17.7 % of total imports), Germany (11.3 %), Poland (9.1 %) and Estonia (7.9 %).

The main partner in trade with third countries was Russia, share of which in total Latvian exports in April accounted for 8.7 %, but in imports – 6.4 %.

Foreign trade of Latvia by country groups in April 2018,
(at current prices)

 

Exports

Imports

 

million EUR

% of

total

changes as %, compared to April 2017

million EUR

% of

total

changes as %, compared to April 2017

Total

985.9

100

15.3

1 144.6

100

11.0

European Union countries

696.2

70.6

14.6

884.6

77.3

6.6

euro area countries

455.2

46.2

11.7

658.8

57.6

7.7

CIS countries

127.6

12.9

23.5

113.8

9.9

19.3

other countries

162.1

16.5

12.6

146.2

12.8

38.2

The rise in the exports of cereals in April 2018, as compared to April 2017, was facilitated by an increase in the exports of wheat and meslin by EUR 21.4 million or 95.8 %. In turn, exports of iron and steel dropped as exports of waste and scrap of cast iron decreased by EUR 11.8 million or 65.1 %.

Main commodities in exports of Latvia in April 2018
(at current prices)

 

thousand EUR

as % of

total

Changes as %, compared to

April 2017

March 2018

average of previous 12 months

Total

985 924

100

15.3

2.0

1.9

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

185 826

18.8

24.4

-2.6

16.1

electrical machinery and equipment

88 079

8.9

-8.2

-17.9

-16.1

machinery and mechanical appliances

67 433

6.8

40.3

9.9

-1.3

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

58 983

6.0

23.3

0.1

9.7

cereals

47 254

4.8

98.3

9.5 times

38.7

beverages, spirits and vinegar

40 234

4.1

24.9

6.1

-19.3

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

40 213

4.1

10.0

-0.01

-1.4

iron and steel

36 585

3.7

-20.1

-19.7

0.3

articles of iron and steel

36 216

3.7

24.1

-1.8

12.7

pharmaceutical products

32 767

3.3

-7.3

-8.1

-8.3

 
Rise of imports of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages in April 2018, as compared to April 2017, was affected by the increase in imports of spirits by EUR 5.1 million or 42.6 %. In turn, a drop was experienced in the imports of mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation, as the imports of natural gas in gaseous state dropped by EUR 13.0 million or 73.5 %.

Main commodities in imports of Latvia in April 2018
(at current prices)

 

thousand EUR

as % of

total

Changes as %, compared to

April 2017

March 2018

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 144 553

100

11.0

-6.2

-3.2

machinery and mechanical appliances

126 886

11.1

24.9

-2.7

1.2

electrical machinery and equipment

118 532

10.4

0.1

5.1

9.4

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

102 608

9.0

3.7

-2.0

0.2

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

80 000

7.0

-5.8

-27.0

-22.2

plastics and articles thereof

54 069

4.7

16.1

11.2

7.0

iron and steel

53 550

4.7

35.3

-16.8

13.3

pharmaceutical products

51 309

4.5

8.3

-7.1

2.0

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

49 960

4.4

37.5

11.8

26.1

beverages, spirits and vinegar

38 724

3.4

42.7

2.4

-15.0

articles of iron and steel

28 004

2.4

19.1

-8.3

-2.4

 
More information on the foreign trade of Latvia by month and quarter, as well as by country group and commodity group is available in the Foreign trade section of the CSB database.

 

Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366621, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Lilita Laganovska
Foreign Trade Statistics Methodology, Analysis and Dissemination Section
E-mail: Lilita [dot] Laganovska [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366604