In 2016, average size of agricultural holding increased and their number – decreased

28.12.2017

Main results of the Farm Structure Survey 2016 compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that in 2016, number of medium-sized and large agricultural holdings has increased by 26.8 %, in total managing 71.1 % of total agricultural area (UAA) or more by 9.5 % than in 2013.

In 2016, there were 69.9 thsd economically active holdings1 (with UAA larger than 1 ha or standard output2 more by EUR 70 regardless of the area), which managed 1930.8 ha of UAA. Compared to 2013 the total number of economically active holdings in 2016 had decreased by 14.5 %, while the UAA had grown by 2.8 %. The number of small agricultural holdings compared to 2013 had decreased significantly - by 19.2 % or 14.1 thsd.

Number of agricultural holdings and UAA by size of holding*

 

Number of holdings, thsd

UAA, thsd ha

2013

Share, %

2016

Share, %

2013

Share, %

2016

Share, %

 

All holdings

 

81.8

 

100

 

69.9

 

100

 

1877.7

 

100

 

1930.8

 

100

 

Of which:

small

 

73.6

 

90.0

 

59.5

 

85.1

 

683.0

 

36.4

 

557.3

 

28.9

 

medium-sized

6.8

8.3

8.4

12.0

471.4

25.1

502.0

26.0

 

large

1.4

1.7

2.0

2.9

723.3

38.5

871.5

45.1

 

*In the European Union agricultural holdings are broken down into economic size groups: small holdings - holdings with standard output2 (SO) up to EUR 14.9 thsd, medium-sized holdings - SO from EUR 15 EUR 99.9 thsd, and large holdings - SO over EUR 100 thsd.

The average size of agricultural holding has risen from 37.4 ha in 2013 to 43.3 ha in 2016 or by 15.8 %. Compared to 2013 the UAA on average per holding increased by 4.6 ha or 20 %, reaching 27.6 ha in 2016. The average number of livestock per agricultural holding also increased. One livestock-breeding agricultural holding was breeding 18 cattle (of which 9 dairy cows), 31 pig, 35 sheep, 7 goats and 169 poultry.

Main changes took place in agricultural holdings breeding sheep and poultry – on average number of sheep in one agricultural holding rose by 10 sheep or by 40 % (from 25 sheep in 2013 to 35 sheep in 2016), but the number of poultry has reduced by 26.8 % (from 231 poultry in 2013 to 169 poultry in 2016).

Average agricultural holding in Latvia in 2016

 

All holdings

small

medium-sized

large

2013

2016

2013

2016

2013

2016

2013

2016

Total area, ha

37.4

43.3

21.5

22.9

92.7

85.0

589.2

470.0

UAA, ha

24.9

29.1

11.1

10.9

95.0

61.6

507.7

433.8

UAA, ha

23.0

27.6

9.3

9.4

69.8

60.0

502.6

430.9

Arable land, ha

14.7

18.4

3.0

2.7

48.2

38.7

455.6

396.9

Sown area, ha

14.0

17.6

2.8

2.5

45.4

36.6

436.0

393.3

Utilised meadows and pastures, ha

7.0

8.2

5.1

5.6

20.2

20.6

42.0

32.2

Number of cattle*

14.3

18.0

4.3

4.3

32.5

29.3

215.4

190.1

Regular labour force

2.1

2.3

1.9

2.0

2.7

2.0

9.8

8.6

*average per breeding holding

Compared to 2013, in 2016 specialization structure of holdings has changed. Number of holdings specialising in granivores (pigs and poultry) breeding has doubled – increased from 2 thsd in 2013 to 4.5 thsd in 2016. Number of holdings specialising in grazing livestock (without dairying) has grown by 24.6% – from 5.5 thsd to 6.9 thsd. Number of vegetable holdings has risen by 42.7 % – from 655 to 935.  Number of granivores (pigs and poultry) has increased by 2.4 thsd or 119.4 %.

In turn, number of holdings specialising in permanent crops and mixed cropping has decreased by 45 % (from 2 thsd to 1.1 thsd), number of dairying holdings – by 21% (from 2.6 thsd to 2.5 thsd) and number of field crops holdings (from 37.3 thsd to 29.9 thsd).

Agricultural holdings by type of farming in 2016
(% of total number of holdings)

In 2016, 46.2 % of all holdings produced agricultural products only for own consumption, but 53.8 % of holdings sold their produced agricultural products, which is 9.9 % more than in 2013. All produced agricultural products were sold by 6 % of holdings or 2.7 % more than in 2013.

In 2016 regular labour force in holdings comprised 162.6 thsd, which is 6.5 % less than in 2013. 49.4 thsd were employed in agriculture irregulary, which is 8.2 % less than in 2013. Only 15.8 % or 25.7 thsd of regular labour force were full-time employees, 84.2 % or 136.9 thsd were part-time employees.

Agrucultural holdings in Latvia mainly are family enterprises. In 2016, 68.9 thsd holdings or 98.5 % of the total number of agricultural holdings were owned by one natural person, of which 45.6 % of the farm owners were women. 0.7 thsd or 1% of agricultural holdings were joint-property holdings. 69.3 thsd or 99 % of agricultural holdings managers were owners or their family members. 141 thsd or 86.7 % of all regular labour force of agricultural holdings were owners and their family members.

More detailed results of Farm Structure Survey 2016 will be available in the CSB database on 29.12.2017. In Farm Structure Survey 2016 information on 30 thousand agricultural holdings was obtained in sampling survey. Such survey is carried out once in three years in all European Union and European Economic Area member countries.

1Economically active holding – agricultural holding producing agricultural goods regardless of the volume of production and type of their use, or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

2Standard output –an indicator characterising the economic activity of an agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of the corresponding region and expressed in EUR. Total standard output characterises the economic size of a holding in monetary terms.

 

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More information on data:
Ilze Januška
Agricultural Statistics Section
E-mail: Ilze [dot] Januska [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366896