In 2015 the total volume of freights decreased by 2 %

01.03.2016

According to the data of the Central Statistical Bureau, in 2015 as compared with 2014 the total volume of freights carried in main transport sectors decreased 2 %. The most rapid drop was recorded in national freights carried by road - of 2.4 mln tons or 4.7% as compared with 2014.

Significant export freight drop in freights carried by rail

In 2015, 55.6 mln tons of the freight were carried by rail, which is a decrease of 2.4 % as compared with 2014. The volume of national freights grew by 33% as compared with the previous year (1.7 mln tons), which was affected by growth in transportation of timber and grain. In turn, in international rail traffic the volume of freights dropped to 53.9 mln tons, which is 3.2% less than in 2014.

Freights carried by rail; by kind of transport

 

2015

 

mln t

Changes as % 2014

Total

55.6

-2.4

 

national freights

1.7

33.0

 

export freights

2.8

-37.0

 

import freights

48.3

-2.3

 

goods in transit through Latvia

2.8

53.7

Last year, the deterioration in the economic situation of Russia had a significant impact on the export freight volume. In 2015, 2.8 mln tons of export freights were carried by rail (including transport from the Latvian ports), which is 1.7 mln tons (37%) less than a year before.

Of all international freights carried by rail, 48.3 mln tons or 89.4% were import freights, which also include freights transported to the Latvian ports. The carriage of import freights decreased by 1.1 mln tons or 2.3%, as compared with 2014, which can be explained with drop in the volume of freights of coal, oil products and iron ore from Russia.

2.8 mln tons of freight were carried in transit through Latvia, which is 1 mln tons (53.7%) more than in 2014.

International freights by road have been increasing

In 2015, 62.2 mln tons of the freight were carried by road, which is the same as in 2014. National freights decreased by 2.4 mln tons or 4.7%; in turn, international freights grew by 2.3 mln tons or 19.5%.

Freights carried by road; by kind of transportation

 

2015

 

mln t

Changes as % 2014

Total

62.2

-0.1

 

national freights

48.2

-4.7

 

export freights

4.3

1.0

 

import freights

2.6

-5.8

 

cross-trade and cabotage freights

7.1

50.6

4.3 mln tons of freight were carried in export freight traffic, which is 1% more than in 2014. As compared with 2014 freight traffic to Estonia increased by 9.7%, to Germany - by 5.1%, to Lithuania - by 2.7%. In turn, freight traffic to Russia dropped by 28.7%.

Export freights by road; by country of unloading of freights

 

2015

 

thsd t

changes as % 2014

Total

4294.1

1.0

 

Estonia

912.1

9.7

 

Lithuania

827.3

2.7

 

Russia

599.3

-28.7

 

Germany

534.2

5.1

 

Sweden

186.0

59.1

 

the Netherlands

173.5

14.4

 

Italy

151.2

-12.0

 

Poland

134.9

-23.7

 

Belgium

112.4

46.4

 

Norway

100.5

207.3

 

other countries

562.7

4.9

In 2015 as compared with 2014 import freight traffic decreased by 5.8%, carrying 2.6 mln tons of freight. A significant drop was recorded in freights from Lithuania - 33.2% less freights than in 2014. In turn, freights imported from Estonia accounted for 0.6 mln tons, which is a growth of 3.3%.

Import freights by road; by country of loading of freights

 

2015

 

thsd t

changes as % 2014

Total

2554.2

-5.8

 

Lithuania

602.3

-33.2

 

Estonia

565.3

3.3

 

Germany

216.1

12.9

 

Russia

208.8

40.5

 

the Netherlands

137.4

15.9

 

Poland

113.9

15.2

 

Spain

105.0

58.6

 

Finland

104.8

28.0

 

other countries

500.6

-10.1

In 2015 the volume of cross-trade and cabotage freights carried by vehicles registered in Latvia witnessed significant growth. There were 7.1 mln tons of cross-trade and cabotage freight carried in 2015, which is an increase of 2.4 mln tons or 50.6 % as compared with 2014. Due to the economic sanctions imposed by the European Union on Russia and the deterioration in the economic situation of Russia, the Latvian road freight carriers shifted their focus on provision of service abroad. The largest share of freights were carried in Sweden - 1.1 mln tons - 0.7 mln tons (150.4%) more than in the previous year. 0.8 mln tons of freight were carried in Germany (0.5 mln tons or 138.9% more).

Cross-trade and cabotagefreights by road in 2015

Country of loading of freight

Country of unloading of freight

Carried freights, thsd t

Total

7101.0

Sweden

Sweden

1094.6

Germany

Germany

805.5

Lithuania

Lithuania

384.8

France

France

242.3

Germany

France

228.4

Estonia

Estonia

208.5

Sweden

Norway

153.5

other countries

other countries

3983.4

The number of passengers carried by public transport decreases by 6.6 mln

In 2015, 250.7 mln passengers were carried by public transport, which is a decrease of 2.6% or 6.6 mln passengers, as compared with 2014. Since 2010 the changes in the number of carried passengers have no clear trend. During the time period from 2011 to 2014, as compared with 2010, the number of carried passengers was increasing (in 2011 - by 2.2%, in 2012 - by 0.8%, in 2013 - by 3.1%, in 2014 - by 2.4%); in turn, in 2015 as compared with 2010 it slightly decreased - by 0.2%.

More information on transport statistics is available in the CSB homepage section Transport - Key Indicators.The latest data have been published in the CSB database section Transport and Tourism (short-term statistical data and annual statistical data).

Absolute changes and percentage changes calculated from data not converted into millions.

 

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Beate Danusēviča, Kristīne Romanovska
Information and Communication Section
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More information about data:
Edīte Miezīte
Transport and Tourism Statistics Section
E-mail: Edite [dot] Miezite [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Tel.: +371 67366810