In 2015 exports value increased by 1.2 %

09.02.2016

Provisional data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) show that in 2015 foreign trade turnover at current prices in Latvia amounted to EUR 22 860.1 million – by EUR 42.9 million or 0.2 % less as compared to 2014. Exports value increased by EUR 122.9 million or 1.2 %, while imports value decreased by EUR or 165.8 million or 1.3 %.

In December 2015 compared to November 2015 foreign trade turnover at current prices in Latvia decreased by 10.3 %, exports value of goods dropped by 12.6 % and imports value – by 8.3 %. In December the amount of goods exported by Latvia comprised EUR 817.0 million, while the amount of imported goods constituted EUR 972.5 million. The foreign trade balance became worse as exports in the total amount of foreign trade dropped to 45.7 % (in November 2015 – 46.9 %).

Main changes in exports in December compared to November:

  • Exports of machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical equipment dropped by EUR 39.5 million or 22.6 %,
  • Exports of basic metals and articles of basic metals fell by EUR 18.6 million or 25.6 %,
  • Exports of vegetable products dropped by EUR 16.7 million or 16.9 %,
  • Exports of mineral products went down by EUR 9.7 million or 17.9 %,
  • Exports of wood and articles of wood decreased by EUR 9.6 million or 6.9 %,
  • Exports of optical instruments and apparatus (including medical); clocks and watches; musical instruments increased by EUR 8.0 million or 51.9 %.

Main changes in imports in December compared to November:

  • Imports of machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical equipment dropped by EUR 28.0 million or 11.9 %,
  • Imports of products of the chemical and alien industries went down by EUR 18.9 million or 15.5 %,
  • Imports of mineral products dropped by EUR 10.0 million or 8.1 %,
  • Imports of plastics and articles of plastics, rubber and articles of rubber reduced by EUR9.1 million or 16.2 %,
  • Imports of prepared foodstuffs fell by EUR8.3 million or 8.6 %,
  • Imports of animals and animal products increased by EUR 4.5 million or 14.9 %.

Foreign trade partners

In December the most important exports partners in trade with EU countries were Lithuania (18.3 % of total exports), Estonia (11.8 %), the United Kingdom (5.3 %) and Germany (5.2 %), but main imports partners – Lithuania (18.2 % of total imports), Germany (11.4 %), Poland (9.7 %) and Estonia (7.5 %).

Russia was the key partner in trade with third countries, comprising 9.7 % in the total exports of Latvia and 10.6 % in the total imports of Latvia in December.

Changes of foreign trade goods in December

The rise in exports of cereals in December 2015 as compared to December 2014 was caused by the increase of exports of wheat and wheat and rye mix by EUR 31.1 million or 2.9 times. Whereas due to the decline in exports of diesel by EUR 9.3 million or 34.4%, exports of mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation diminished.

The rise in imports of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages in December 2015 as compared to December 2014 was caused by the increase in imports of strong alcoholic beverages by EUR 2.4 million or 23.2 %. While drop in imports of mineral fuel, oil and oil products was mostly affected by the drop in imports of diesel by EUR 19.7 million or 29.5%.

More information on Latvia’s foreign trade by months and quarters by country groups and commodity groups is available in the CSB data base section "Foreign trade".

 

Media requests:
Beate Danusēviča, Kristīne Romanovska
Information and Communication Section
media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Tel.: + 371 67366924, + 371 67366621, + 371 27880666
www.twitter.com/CSB_Latvia
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More information on data:
Foreign Trade Statistics Methodology, Analysis and Dissemination Section
Lilita Laganovska
lilita [dot] laganovska [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Tel. + 371 67366604

Latvia’s foreign trade, million EUR

Notes: data on September 2015 have been specified


Latvia's foreign trade in December 2015 by country group, at current prices

 

Exports

Imports

 

million EUR

% of

total

Changes as % over November 2015

million EUR

% of

total

Changes as % over November 2015

Total

817.0

100

-12.6

972.5

100

-8.3

European Union countries

556.5

68.1

-13.7

759.3

78.1

-8.4

   Euro Area countries

378.1

46.3

-16.1

563.0

57.9

-5.5

CIS countries

114.1

14.0

-0.1

132.3

13.6

-1.5

Other countries

146.4

17.9

-17.0

80.9

8.3

-16.3

 

Changes in main commodities in Latvia’s exports in December 2015, at current prices

 

thousand EUR

% of

total

Changes as % over

December 2014

November 2015

average of previous 12 months

Total

817 020

100

-0.4

-12.6

-5.5

wood and wood products; wood charcoal

130 120

15.9

0.5

-6.9

-10.0

electrical machinery and equipment

83 464

10.2

-23.1

-35.0

-24.1

cereals

60 088

7.4

3.3 times

-20.4

2.0 times

machinery and mechanical appliances

52 076

6.4

-0.8

11.5

1.3

beverages, spirits and vinegar

44 868

5.5

-22.7

-13.1

32.2

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

41 173

5.0

-24.1

-17.0

-29.0

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

39 288

4.8

18.4

-5.5

2.5

pharmaceutical products

28 111

3.4

7.1

-2.6

3.6

articles of iron or steel

22 386

2.7

-4.6

-22.1

-19.9

optical instruments and apparatus (including medical)

21 586

2.6

44.8

46.3

55.7


Changes in main commodities in Latvia’s imports in December 2015, at current prices

 

thousand EUR

% of

total

Changes as % over

December 2014

November 2015

average of previous 12 months

Total

972 451

100

-10.7

-8.3

-7.4

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

109 428

11.3

-28.5

-8.2

-10.2

electrical machinery and equipment

104 761

10.8

-21.1

-19.9

-18.7

machinery and mechanical appliances

102 753

10.6

-7.8

-2.0

0.4

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

78 316

8.1

-19.0

4.8

-0.3

pharmaceutical products

45 715

4.7

6.2

-13.6

5.6

plastics and articles thereof

35 714

3.7

-9.0

-14.5

-17.1

wood and wood products; wood charcoal

30 826

3.2

9.0

-0.5

-0.2

beverages, spirits and vinegar

30 630

3.1

12.1

-16.9

10.5

iron and steel

26 925

2.8

-1.1

-1.4

-26.6