In 2012, export of energy resources has grown by 10.9%
Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that in 2012, total consumption of energy resources in Latviacomprised 183 petajoules (PJ) – 0.9% less than a year before. In comparison with 2011, total import of energy resources has risen by 3.9%, while export has increased by 10.9%.
Gross energy consumption by kind
*Net import of water power, wind power and electricity.
** Waste tyres, municipal waste for burning, charcoal, straw, other biomass, biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel, peat
Net import of energy resources (difference between import and export) over total consumption thereof has grown by 0.8% - from 59.5% to 60.3%; whereas total net import of energy resources has risen by 0.4%. While net import of electricity and oil products has increased by 4% and 7.5%, respectively. Net import of electricity comprised 17.4% of total electricity consumption (in 2011 - 16.9%).
Consumption of energy resources by sector of national economy, terajoules
2012 as % over 2011
* Volume of energy resources for production of electricity and production of heat for sale.
** Transport sector includes all transport activities regardless field of economic activity where they take place. Also petrol, diesel oil and LPG consumed by residents are included in the transport sector.
In 2012, production of electricity reached 6163 gigawatt hours (GWh) - 1.1% more than a year ago. 66.6 % of the total volume of electricity were produced from renewable energy resources (HES, wind, biogas, biomass power plants), while in 2011 – only 50.5%. Volume of electricity produced from biogas and biomass has grown notably - by 107.5% and 4 times, respectively. Also the volume produced in wind power plants has increased – by 57.7%.
Electric capacity and electricity produced from renewable energy resources
Electric capacity (MW)
Production of electricity (GWh)
Electric capacity and electricity produced, total
wind power plants
biomass power plants
biogas power plants
In 2012, total supply of electricity in Latvia comprised 7459 GWh – 1.6% more than in 2011. Consumption in industry has increased by 19.3%, while consumption in households has stayed at the same level as in 2011. Due to the fact that power plants have installed and are using more energy-efficient devices, electricity consumption in energy sector has dropped by 15.4%.
Total consumption of natural gas in 2012 comprised 1508 million m3 – rise of 6%, as compared to the year before. Reduction in the volume of natural gas is mainly related to lower consumption thereof in CHP plants (-10%) and heat plants (-8.8%), as well as to heat supply enterprise investments in utilisation of renewable energy resources and partial substitution of fossil fuels by wood chips.
Consumption of natural gas by sector, %
Consumption of fuel wood in transformation sector has risen by 20.5%, as gradual substitution of natural gas is taking place. Consumption of wood pellets has grown more than three times, and consumption of wood briquettes has increased by 25%, as compared to 2011.
In 2012, consumption of diesel oil has diminished by 0.2%, whereas consumption of petrol has reduced by 14.8 %. Mainly due to the rise of 56.2% in transport sector, consumption of LPG totally has grown by 35.9%. Largely because of the lower consumption in transformation sector, consumption of residual (heavy) fuel oil has dropped by 17.3%.
Consumption of oil products, %
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