On Labour Force Survey results in the 2nd quarter of 2009

20.08.2009

The CSB has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 2nd quarter of 2009. By means of random sampling 6 thsd households were selected and 8.1 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2009 is used.

Active population

The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.

Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of active population in 2nd quarter of 2009 has reduced by 1.6%. Slightly more than two thirds (67.1%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 71.8% among men and 62.9% among women.

Employed population

Totally 999.3 thsd persons (55.9% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 4.2% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave, studies). Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of employed population has reduced, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (1142.1 thsd persons and 63.6%, respectively).

In the total number of employed women constituted slightly higher share than men, 51.6% and 48.4%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For slightly more than a half (51.5%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, per cent1

 

2nd quarter 2008

1st quarter 2009

2nd quarter 2009

Employees

100,0

100,0

100,0

Up to LVL 200.00

25,8

31,9

35,0

 

of which:
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less2


9,1


17,1


18,0

LVL 200.01 – 300.00

23,3

24,2

26,8

LVL 300.01 – 500.00

22,5

27,1

24,1

LVL 500.01 – 1000.00

8,0

10,4

8,9

LVL 1000.01 and more

1,1

1,0

1,0

Was not calculated or paid

3,4

2,7

2,0

Not specified

15,9

2,7

2,2


Unemployed

Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in the 2nd quarter of 2009 there were 199.7 thsd unemployed or 16.7% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has grown compared to both corresponding period of previous year, when there were 76.5 thsd unemployed, and their share comprised 6.3%, and 1st quarter of 2009 (168.8 thsd unemployed and 13.9%). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 19.9% and 13.4%, respectively. Almost one fourth (48.2 thsd or 24.1%) of the total number of unemployed were long-term unemployed, their number compared to the corresponding period of previous year has grown more than two times (by 27.7 thsd). In current economic situation when employers are reducing number of employees in their businesses and in labour market demand for the labour force is reducing, the number of unemployed having work experience is decreasing. In the 2nd quarter of 2009 there were 182.2 thsd unemployed having previous work experience or 91.2% of the total number of unemployed, but year before this indicators comprised 65.4 thsd and 85.6%.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 2nd quarter of 2009 there were 587.4 thsd inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year their number has grown by 1.7%.

Of these, pensioners in the 2nd quarter of 2009 accounted for almost two fifths (38.9%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every third (31.6%), every tenth (9.6%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled; every eleventh (9.0%) considered themselves as housekeepers.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 43.4 thsd persons who have been discouraged to find a job (7.4% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2008 the number of persons who have been discouraged has increased more than two times (by 26.6 thsd).

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States

Employment rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

2008

2009

2008

2009

2nd quarter

1st quarter

2nd quarter

2nd quarter

1st quarter

2nd quarter

Latvia

63,6

58,6

55,9

6,3

13,9

16,7

Lithuania

58,1

54,8

...

4,5

11,9

...

Estonia

63,2

59,3

...

4,0

11,4

...

Persons aged 15-74
Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
… data on the 2nd quarter of 2009 are not available yet

_____________________________________

1 Of data from 2009 on those persons who in the Labour Force Survey did not specify range of wages and salaries were supplemented with the information on wages and salaries from State Revenue Service.
2 In 2008 minimum monthly wage and salaries comprised LVL 160, but in 2009 - LVL 180.

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede
Tel. 67366886