On Labour Force Survey results in the 1st quarter of 2009

20.05.2009

The Central Statistical Burau has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 1st quarter of 2009. By means of random sampling 6 thsd households were selected and 8.3 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population economic activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2009 is used.

Active population

The economically active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job and are at age of 15 to 74 years.

In comparison with the relevant period of 2008 in the 1st quarter of 2009 the number of economically active population decreased by 0.2%. Slightly more than two thirds (68%) of the population in this age group were economically active; this indicator comprised 73.1% among men and 63.5% among women.

Employed population

Totally 1046.7 thsd persons (58.6% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 5.9% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave, studies). Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of employed in the 1st quarter of 2009 has reduced (1137.8 thsd persons in the first quarter of 2008), as has the share of employed in the total number of population (in the 1st quarter of 2008 this indicator constituted 63.3%).

In the 1st quarter of 2009 the share of women in the total number of employed was slightly higher than that of men, 51.2% and 48.8%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For slightly more than a half (53.9%) of the population aged 15 to 74 wages and salaries were the most important of the income sources.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, per cent1

 

1st quarter 2008

1st quarter 2009

Employees

100.0

100.0

Up to LVL 200.00

29.9

31.9

 

of which:

 

 

Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less2

12.1

17.0

LVL 200.01 – 300.00

21.3

24.2

LVL 300.01 – 500.00

22.0

27.1

LVL 500.01 – 1000.00

7.4

10.5

LVL 1000.01 and more

0.9

1.0

Was not calculated or paid

3.8

2.7

Not specified

14.7

2.6

 

Unemployed

Persons aged 15-74, who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in the 1st quarter of 2009 there were 168.8 thsd unemployed or 13.9% of the economically active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in economically active population in the 1st quarter of 2009 has increased compared to both corresponding period of previous year (in the 1st quarter of 2008 there were 79.7 unemployed, share – 6.5%) and 4th quarter of 2008 (118.7 thsd persons and 9.9%, respectively). In the 1st quarter of 2009 the share of unemployed males in the number of economically active men in the country was higher than that of females (in the share of economically active women), constituting 16.9% and 10.8%, respectively. One fourth (24.8%) were long-term unemployed.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are economically inactive. The number of such persons in the 1st quarter of 2009 comprised 571 thsd, and compared to the corresponding period of previous year (in 1st quarter of 2008 this indicator constituted 578.8 thsd) this number has decreased by 1.4%.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. The results of the survey show that the number of discouraged persons in the 1st quarter of 2009 was 29.1 thsd or 5.1% of the economically inactive population. In comparison with the 1st quarter of 2008 their number has increased by 15.3 thousand.

Of these, pensioners in the 1st quarter of 2009 accounted for more than two fifths (40.9%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every third (31.8%), every eleventh (8.8%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled; every twelfth (8.4%) considered themselves as housekeepers.

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States

 

Employment rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

2008

2009

2008

2009

1st quarter

4th quarter

1st quarter

1st quarter

4th quarter

1st quarter

Latvia

63.3

60.4

58.6

6.5

9.9

13.9

Lithuania

57.3

57.3

4.9

7.9

Estonia

63.2

63.0

4.2

7.6

Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
Population aged 15-74.
… data on the 1st quarter of 2009 are not available yet.

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1 – In the 1st quarter of 2009 data on those persons who in the Labour Force Survey did not specify range of wages and salaries were supplemented with the information on wages and salaries from State Revenue Service.
2 – In 2008 minimum monthly wage and salaries comprised LVL 160, but in 2009 - LVL 180.

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Tel. 67366886
Zaiga Priede