According to the data of the Central Statistical Bureau in 2007 average costs of forest regeneration depending on the group of their land quality constituted LVL 88 to 105 per ha. But forest thinning costs in Latvia on average varied between LVL 49 to 62 per ha. 1
Average costs of forest regeneration and thinning, LVL per ha
Average timber costs of one cubic meter in final felling constituted LVL 3.85, but in intermediate felling LVL 4.042. Compared to 2006 in 2007 in final felling average costs of wood preparation on average have grown by 25%, of wood transportation from cutting site to road – by 24%, of wood transportation to purchase place – by 27%. Felling costs in final felling have increased because of the overall growth of energy resource prices and rise of labour costs.
But compared to previous year in 2007 average costs of wood preparation in intermediate felling have grown by 3%, of wood transportation from cutting site to road – by 3%, and of wood transportation to purchase place – by 10%.
Average forest regeneration and thinning costs in Latvia are mainly influenced by the activities of the State Stock Company ‘’Latvia’s State Forests’’, who manages approximately half of Latvia’s forest land. Forest regeneration and thinning costs of private forest holders were 35% lower than same costs of LSF. But harvesting costs in private forests were slightly higher, especially in intermediate harvest (in wood preparation - by 30%, and in wood transportation to road – by 25%). Only wood transportation costs to purchase place in final felling were 12% lower and in intermediate felling – 5%.
Harvesting costs, LVL per m3
1 Average costs of forest regeneration per hectare are influenced by the soil preparation, small sapling expenses and planting costs. The highest soil preparation and planting costs are in the forest land of lower quality.
Forest thinning costs include agro-technical thinning of forest and thinning of forest composition. The highest forest thinning costs are in the forests located on 1st quality group forest land (poor pine forest on wet, pine forest on peat soil).
2 Harvest costs include final felling, where part of the forest is felled completely, and intermediate felling (thinning, conversion cutting, sanitary cutting), where felling is made partly. Each of the felling includes wood preparation, transportation to road and transportation to purchase place.
Prepared by Environment and Energy Statistics Section